Doctoral Course, Division of Lifelong Learning Infrastructure Management,
Graduate School of Education,
The University of Tokyo
Keywords: cultural transmission, folk songs, Amami Oshima
This research investigates education as cultural transmission focusing on folk songs of Amami Oshima. I discovered that there are three systems of transmission, each of which interacts with the others: 1. formal (by public administration like schools); 2. non-formal (such as group activity); 3. informal (participating in community events like festivals) . Previous studies tended to deal with traditional culture like endangered species or the subject of protection, and focused on parts of the system, not all of the systems as a whole, overlooking the dynamics of traditional culture.
For this research, information from the administration, school, and the regional people (documents, interview-data, recordings) were analyzed as a whole. This material was collected from the National Diet Library, Kagoshima Prefectural Amami Library, and field research conducted in 2011, and 2013-2014. The methodology combined the fields of education and anthropology.
Further research will be needed to find out the differences of the systems among the communities in Amami Oshima, how the various systems have developed and ultimately, what people learn from the folk songs.